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Zika was first identified in Uganda in the 1940s and has since spread across the world, causing relatively mild disease.

In recent years, in Latin America, the Zika virus has been associated with more significant disease outcomes including nervous disorders in adults and microcephaly in new-born children from Zika-infected mothers. The Zika virus is spread by Aedes mosquitoes. The same mosquitoes can also transmit dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.

Zika has been found in 84 countries around the world. Although there has been a decline in cases reported over the past few years, global vigilance is necessary to maintain effective control of this public health threat.

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