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Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by single-celled protozoan parasites transmitted through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Approximately 30 – 40 species of Anopheles mosquito are significant vectors of malaria around the world.

Understanding the biology and behaviour of each of these different species can help understand how malaria is transmitted and can aid in designing appropriate control strategies. Some species may prefer to rest indoors, while others may rest outdoors. Such behavior could influence the effectiveness of which vector control program is most effective.


Vector control programs have resulted in the elimination of malaria from areas where it was once common (e.g. in the U.S. and parts of Europe). Techniques such as Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS), elimination of breeding sites and the use of insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs & LLINs: Long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets) remain important in areas where malaria transmission still occurs today.

To learn more about malaria and its impacts around the world, download the infographics in PDF Format here.






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